• PLAN FOR ATTAINING MORAL PERFECTION

  • Benjamin Franklin

    IT was about this time I conceived the bold and arduous project of arriving at moral perfection.

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  • I wish'd to live without committing any fault at any time;

  • I would conquer all that either natural inclination, custom, or company might lead me into.

  • As I knew, or thought I knew, what was right and wrong, I did not see why I might not always do the one and avoid the other.

  • But I soon found I had undertaken a task of more difficulty than I had imagined. While my care was employ'd in guarding against one fault, I was often surprised by another;

  • habit took the advantage of inattention;

  • Benjamin Franklin

    inclination was sometimes too strong for reason.

    Profile Picture of Benjamin Franklin in Plan for Attaining Moral Perfection
  • I concluded, at length, that the mere speculative conviction that it was our interest to be completely virtuous, was not sufficient to prevent our slipping;

  • and that the contrary habits must be broken, and good ones acquired and established, before we can have any dependence on a steady, uniform rectitude of conduct.

  • For this purpose I therefore contrived the following method.

  • In the various enumerations of the moral virtues I had met with in my reading, I found the catalogue more or less numerous, as different writers included more or fewer ideas under the same name.

  • Temperance, for example, was by some confined to eating and drinking, while by others it was extended to mean the moderating every other pleasure, appetite, inclination, or passion, bodily or mental, even to our avarice and ambition.

  • Benjamin Franklin

    I propos'd to myself, for the sake of clearness, to use rather more names, with fewer ideas annex'd to each, than a few names with more ideas;

    Profile Picture of Benjamin Franklin in Plan for Attaining Moral Perfection
  • and I included under thirteen names of virtues all that at that time occurr'd to me as necessary or desirable, and annexed to each a short precept, which fully express'd the extent I gave to its meaning.

  • These names of virtues, with their precepts, were:

  • 1.

  • Temperance

  • Eat not to dullness;

  • drink not to elevation.